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The EU imported 58% of its energy in 2020

In 2020, the EU imported 58% of the energy it consumed, as its own production satisfied only 42% of its needs.

The EU’s energy mix in 2020 consisted of 35% oil and petroleum products, 24% natural gas, 17% renewables, 13% nuclear energy and 11% solid fossil fuels. Russia is the EU’s leading supplier for natural gas, oil and coal, which are the main energy commodities of the EU’s energy mix. In 2020, imports from this origin satisfied 24% of the EU’s energy needs.

Eurostat, 28 March 2022